Egypt's net foreign reserves rose to US$24.265 billion at the end of December from US$23.058 billion at the end of November, the central bank said on Thursday — cash that economists said would cover imports for more than five months.
Egypt has been struggling with a foreign currency shortage since an uprising in 2011 drove away tourists and foreign investors, and had roughly US$36 billion in reserves before then.
Domestic debt rose by 5.3 percent in the first quarter of 2016/2017 to reach 2.758 trillion Egyptian pounds (around US$154.42 billion) at the end of September verses 2.619 trillion at the end of June, the central bank said in a statement.
Meanwhile, Egypt's external debt rose to US$60.153 billion at the end of September from US$55.764 billion at the end of July, the statement said.
Egypt floated its currency in November as part of a series of economic reforms aimed at reducing the budget deficit and balancing the currency market. The move helped it clinch a US$12 billion three-year loan from the International Monetary Fund.
The reserves were further supported, economists say, by a US$2 billion repurchase transaction that the central bank secured with global banks last month. The transaction with a consortium of international banks has a maturity of one year.
"The central bank succeeded in achieving its target of US$25 billion … The rise is strong and noticeable and would cover imports for more than five months," Cairo-based CI Capital economist Hany Farahat said.
"The rise in reserves will restore confidence in the central bank's ability to restore stability in the foreign exchange market," said Farahat.
The country of over 90 million has been seeking a variety of funding sources — from development loans to foreign grants and aid — to plug its financing needs, as it struggles with an acute dollar shortage caused by years of post-uprising turmoil (US$1 = 17.8600 Egyptian pounds).